February Construction Starts Advance; Highways Surge

At a seasonally adjusted annual rate of $706.4 billion, new construction starts in February rose 2 percent from the previous month, according to Dodge Data & Analytics. This was the second straight monthly increase, following a 15 percent hike in January, as construction starts regained the upward track following four consecutive monthly declines to close out 2016.

Much of February’s advance came from a strong performance by the public works sector. Highway and bridge construction in February surged 38 percent.

At the same time, nonresidential building made a partial retreat after its strong January performance, yet still remained slightly above its average monthly pace during 2016. Residential building in February also settled back, due to a slide for multifamily housing.

“The first two months of 2017 provide evidence that construction starts are still trending upward, even with the loss of momentum that occurred toward the end of 2016,” stated Robert A. Murray, chief economist for Dodge Data & Analytics.

“The subdued performance by public works and electric utilities in recent months had restrained the level of total construction starts, so their improved activity in February is a welcome development,” Murray continued. “Also welcome during the first two months of 2017 is the strength shown by nonresidential building, and especially its institutional segment. While nonresidential building settled back in February, its January amount had been lifted by the start of the $3.4 billion Central Terminal Building project at LaGuardia Airport in New York and several other large airport terminal projects. In February, nonresidential building was still 2 percent higher than last year’s average pace, aided by the start of the $1.2 billion terminal building portion of phase 1 of the $1.8 billion South Terminal C project at Orlando International Airport and the $1 billion Chase Center sports arena and office complex in San Francisco that will be the home of the Golden State Warriors basketball team. Earlier, the institutional portion of nonresidential building had joined the construction expansion in 2014, after a five-year decline, but then basically plateaued during 2015 and 2016. The strength shown by institutional building so far in 2017 suggests that it will now make a more substantial contribution toward keeping the upturn for nonresidential building going.”

Nonbuilding Construction 

Nonbuilding construction in February jumped 35 percent to $167.7 billion (annual rate), reporting its highest level of activity in eight months. The public works categories as a group climbed 24 percent, continuing to strengthen after a 37 percent rise in January that followed weak activity in December. The miscellaneous public works category, which includes pipeline work and airport runways, advanced 29 percent in February. Providing much of the lift was the $1.4 billion Leach and Rayne Express Natural Gas Pipeline in Ohio, West Virginia and Pennsylvania, plus the $200 million Dominion Leidy South natural gas pipeline in Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia.

Also contributing to February’s miscellaneous public works gain was the $283 million airport runway portion of the South Terminal C project at Orlando International Airport and the $267 million earthquake safety program in Oakland to upgrade the Transbay Tunnel portion of the BART mass transit system.

Highway and bridge construction in February surged 38 percent after four months of decline that saw the level of construction starts fall by 29 percent. Supporting the February increase for highways and bridges were the $457 million Georgia State Road 400 & I-285 Interchange project in the Atlanta metropolitan area and the $210 million roadway portion at Orlando’s South Terminal C project. In February, the top five states in terms of the dollar amount of highway and bridge starts were – Georgia, Florida, Arkansas, Pennsylvania and Michigan.

Also rising in February was sewer construction, increasing 33 percent with the boost coming from the $415 million EchoWater effluent pumping station in Elk Grove, Calif. Registering declines in February were river/harbor development, down 6 percent; and water supply construction, down 47 percent. The electric utility/gas plant category in February increased 113 percent after a lackluster January, helped by the start of the following projects – an $869 million natural gas-fired power plant in Louisiana, a $717 million wind power facility in Texas, and a $635 million transmission line project in Minnesota.

Nonresidential Building

Nonresidential building, at $238.5 billion (annual rate), dropped 9 percent in February following its 18 percent January gain. The institutional categories as a group were down 14 percent, after soaring 42 percent in January due to the push coming from the start of the $3.4 billion Central Terminal Building at LaGuardia Airport plus other airport terminal projects at San Francisco International Airport, Seattle-Tacoma International Airport and Chicago’s O’Hare International Airport.

Although transportation terminal work in February was down 62 percent, the latest month did include the start of the $1.2 billion terminal building portion of the South Terminal C project at Orlando International Airport and a $163 million terminal modernization project at Atlanta’s Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport.

Also retreating in February was the public buildings category (courthouses and detention facilities), down 30 percent following its improved January amount. On the plus side, the amusement and recreation category surged 101 percent in February, reflecting the $562 million sports arena portion of the Chase Center project in San Francisco. Educational facilities in February grew 12 percent, helped by the start of three university projects – a $218 million facility that’s part of New York University’s Greenwich Village expansion in New York, a $150 million school of engineering and applied sciences in Allston, Mass., for Harvard University and a $113 million facility at the University of Nebraska in Omaha

Healthcare facilities in February improved 4 percent, and included the start of the $127 million Precision Cancer Medicine Building at the University of California San Francisco and the $126 million Sloan Kettering Cancer Center outpatient treatment facility in Uniondale, N.Y. The religious building category in February grew 25 percent after a weak January.

The commercial side of the nonresidential building market dropped 11 percent in February, pulling back after its 12 percent January gain. Office construction fell 40 percent following its strong January performance, although the latest month did include the start of several noteworthy projects, such as the $361 million office portion of the Chase Center project in San Francisco, the $240 million Coda building in Atlanta, and the $93 million office portion of a $155 million mixed-use building in New York. February declines were also reported for commercial garages, down 17 percent; and hotels, down 3 percent.

On the plus side for commercial building, February gains were reported for warehouses, up 47 percent; and stores, up 7 percent. The warehouse category was lifted by the start of two United Parcel Service distribution centers, located in Salt Lake City ($125 million) and Atlanta ($120 million). The manufacturing building category in February jumped 147 percent after a weak January, reflecting the start of a $985 million refinery modernization in Richmond, Calif., and a $100 million Mercedes Benz van manufacturing facility in North Charleston, S.C.

Residential Building 

Residential building in February slipped 3 percent to $300.2 billion (annual rate). The decline was due to a 23 percent retreat for multifamily housing, which follows 24 percent growth over the previous two months. February featured five multifamily projects valued at $100 million or more, compared to 13 such projects that reached groundbreaking in January.

The large multifamily projects in February included a $173 million apartment building in New York and the $160 million multifamily portion of a $175 million multifamily/retail building in Miami. Through the first two months of 2017, the top five metropolitan areas in terms of the dollar amount of multifamily starts were the following – New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Washington, D.C. and Atlanta.

Single family housing in February grew 5 percent, moving upward for the fifth straight month after receding during last year’s third quarter. By region, single family housing in February showed growth in all five major regions relative to January – the Midwest, up 12 percent; the South Central, up 6 percent; the West, up 4 percent; the South Atlantic, up 3 percent; and the Northeast, up 2 percent.

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