Gains Reported for Public Works, Power Plants, Multifamily Housing, Healthcare Facilities and Highways.
By Mark S. Kuhar
The value of new construction starts in July advanced 6 percent from the previous month to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of $728.1 billion, it was reported by Dodge Data & Analytics. Leading the way was a 26 percent jump by the nonbuilding construction sector, which reflected an improved level for public works and the start of two massive power plants, located respectively in California and New York.
Highway and bridge construction increased 10 percent in July, and featured the start of the $322 million I-74 bridge replacement across the Mississippi River in Davenport, Iowa, a $192 million highway expansion in San Antonio, and a $94 million rehabilitation project on the Henry Hudson Parkway in New York. Through the first seven months of 2017, the top five states in terms of the dollar amount of highway and bridge construction starts were – Texas, California, Florida, Pennsylvania and Ohio.
Residential building in July increased 8 percent, as multifamily housing rebounded after three consecutive monthly declines. Running counter was a 7 percent slide for nonresidential building following its 14 percent hike in June, as both office buildings and hotels retreated from June’s elevated activity, outweighing a sharp rise for healthcare facilities in July.
“July’s increase means the third quarter began on a healthy note, which should help to maintain the up-and-down pattern on a quarterly basis that’s been present for construction starts over the past year,” stated Robert A. Murray, chief economist for Dodge Data & Analytics. “Within that up-and-down pattern there remains a modest upward trend, as it appears that construction starts are still in the process of reaching a peak, as opposed to having already reached a peak. Public works construction, after sluggish activity earlier in the year, is showing hesitant signs of improvement. It’s true that residential building is now seeing generally decreased activity for multifamily housing, but the monthly declines continue to be mixed in with monthly gains, such as what took place in July. For nonresidential building, growth is being supported by its institutional segment, while commercial building is leveling off due to varied behavior by its individual project types.”
Nonbuilding construction in July was $195.8 billion (annual rate), up 26 percent from June and achieving its second highest amount so far in 2017 after February. The public works categories as a group rose 12 percent, rebounding after a 7 percent decline in June.
Water supply construction had a particularly strong month, soaring 136 percent with the lift coming from the start of the $844 million Vista Ridge water supply pipeline project in San Antonio, as well as an $88 million recycled water treatment facility in San Francisco. Sewer construction improved 37 percent after a weak June, although river/harbor development receded 2 percent.
The miscellaneous public works category, which includes natural gas pipelines and mass transit, slipped 10 percent in July, continuing to recede after very strong activity back in May. Even with its decline, miscellaneous public works still included the July start of the $1.5 billion Brownsville to Nueces natural gas pipeline in Texas and a $225 million rail transit project in Bellevue, Wash.
The electric utility/gas plant category surged 64 percent in July, registering its second straight monthly gain in contrast to the substantially weaker activity reported during the first five months of 2017.
Two massive natural gas-fired power generation facilities were included as construction starts in July – the $2.2 billon Carlsbad Energy Center in Carlsbad, Calif., and the $1.6 billion Cricket Valley Energy Center in Dover Plains, N.Y. There were five other large power plant projects that reached groundbreaking in July, located in Connecticut ($550 million), Georgia ($400 million), Minnesota ($300 million), Arkansas ($203 million) and Nebraska ($150 million).
Residential building in July was $301.1 billion (annual rate), up 8 percent. Multifamily housing increased 30 percent, strengthening after three monthly declines in a row. There were nine multifamily projects valued at $100 million or more that reached groundbreaking in July, led by the $360 million Wolf Point East apartment tower in Chicago, the $225 million multifamily portion of the $280 million mixed-use redevelopment of the Domino sugar factory in Brooklyn, N.Y., and a $225 million condominium tower in Honolulu.
Single-family housing in July was flat with the previous month, not yet showing renewed growth after settling back 4 percent in the second quarter following its first quarter 6 percent gain. By geography, single family housing in July performed as follows relative to June – the Northeast, up 3 percent; the South Central, up 2 percent; the South Atlantic, up 1 percent; the West, unchanged; and the Midwest, down 3 percent.
Nonresidential building in July was $231.2 billion (annual rate), down 7 percent. The commercial categories as a group dropped 22 percent, retreating after climbing 24 percent in June. Office construction in June had surged 82 percent, boosted by the start of 8 office projects valued at $100 million or more, led by a $585 million Facebook data center in Omaha and the $400 million office portion of the $500 million renovation of the Willis Tower in Chicago.
In July office construction fell 52 percent, with only one project valued at $100 million or more – the $118 million Wheaton Town Center in Wheaton, Md. A similar pattern was present for hotels, which surged 65 percent in June with the push coming from the start of the $575 million hotel portion of the $900 million Seminole Hard Rock Hotel and Casino expansion in Hollywood, Fla.
In July hotel construction fell 42 percent, with the largest project being the $78 million hotel portion of a $115 million hotel/apartment mixed-use project near the Seattle-Tacoma International Airport. On the plus side, warehouse construction jumped 46 percent in July, lifted by the start of a $144 million warehouse complex in Stockton, Calif.; a $135 million Wal-Mart distribution center in Mobile, Ala.; and a $100 million Amazon distribution center in Fresno, Calif.
|Monthly Construction Starts (Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rates, In Millions of Dollars)||July 2017||
July gains were also reported for commercial garages, up 9 percent; and stores and shopping centers, up 7 percent. Manufacturing plant construction in July fell 29 percent from its June amount that included the start of a $1.8 billion methane plant in Louisiana. While down from June, manufacturing plant construction did see the start of several large projects in July, such as a $1.1 billion polyethylene plant expansion in Beaumont, Texas.
The institutional side of the nonresidential building market climbed 16 percent in July, in contrast to the declines reported for the commercial and manufacturing segments. Healthcare facilities jumped 108 percent after a weak June, led by groundbreaking for the $1.5 billion Penn Medicine Patient Pavilion in Philadelphia.
Transportation terminal construction also posted a large percentage increase after a weak June, rising 85 percent with the help of a $121 million aircraft maintenance facility at Tinker Air Force Base in Oklahoma City. The religious building category, while still at a very low level, increased 24 percent in July.
On the negative side, educational facilities slipped 3 percent in July, although it did include the start of several large projects, including a $104 million high school renovation in Cleburne, Texas; a $104 million high school in Buda, Texas; a $96 million public school complex in Willoughby, Ohio; and a $91 million high school in Stoughton, Mass.
During the first seven months of 2017, total construction starts on an unadjusted basis were $411.9 billion, down 1 percent from the same period a year ago. Dampening the year-to-date performance for total construction was a steep 44 percent decline for the electric utility/gas plant category, even with the two massive power plants reported as July starts. If the electric utility/gas plant category is excluded, total construction starts in this year’s January-July period would be up 3 percent from a year ago.
The 1 percent slippage for total construction starts on an unadjusted basis during the January-July period of 2017 was due to diminished activity for nonbuilding construction, as both residential building and nonresidential building managed to post gains.
- Nonbuilding construction dropped 15 percent year-to-date, with electric utilities/gas plants, down 44 percent; and public works, down 2 percent.
- Residential building year-to-date was up 1 percent, with a 9 percent increase for single family housing slightly outweighing a 14 percent slide for multifamily housing.
- Nonresidential building year-to-date climbed 8 percent, with institutional building, up 12 percent; while commercial building held steady. Combined with a 27 percent increase for manufacturing building, this marks a shift from the category’s sharp declines in 2015 and 2016.